Exodus Chapter 27

The Altar of Burnt Offering

    • Using bronze overlaid acacia wood, make a square, hollow altar measuring 7 ½ x 7 ½ and 4 ½ feet high. The altar should have horns on each of the four corners and the horns and the altar should be all one piece. The ash buckets, shovels, basins, meat forks, and firepans should all be made of bronze. The bronze altar grating should be bronze and rest under the altar ledge attached by bronze rings. Acacia wood poles overlaid with bronze should be used to carry the altar. These poles should be inserted through rings on two sides of the altar. The altar should be built just as you were shown while you were up on the mountain.

      • Guzik remarks, “Under the new covenant, we also have an altar: We have an altar from which those who serve the tabernacle have no right to eat (Hebrews 13:10). Our altar – our “killing-place” – is the cross, where Jesus died for our sins and we follow by dying unto self and living for Jesus…We lay down our lives on that same altar: I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me….But God forbid that I should boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world. (Galatians 2:20 and 6:14)”

The Courtyard

    • The Tabernacle was to have a courtyard enclosed by curtains measuring 150 feet long by 75 feet wide. The curtain walls should be 7 ½ feet high. On the south and north sides, the curtains should be 150 feet long and held up on each side by silver hooks and rings on 20 posts set in 20 bronze bases. The curtains on the west side of the courtyard should be 75 feet long supported by 10 posts in 10 bronze bases. The east side of the courtyard (the front) will have two curtains on each side, both 22 ½ feet long and each supported by 3 posts in 3 bronze bases. The entrance curtain should be 30 feet long and decorated with blue, purple, and scarlet embroidery. It should be supported by 4 posts each with its own base. All the posts around the courtyard should have silver rings and hooks and bronze bases. All of the accessories used for rituals in the Tabernacle should be made of bronze.

The Lampstand Oil

    • The Lord told Moses to command the Israelites to bring him pure olive oil for the lamps and to keep them burning constantly. The lampstand was to be located in the Holy Place (the room in front of the the Most Holy Place, where the Ark of the Covenant was housed) and Aaron and his sons were to tend the lamps all night. This was to be a permanent law for the people of Israel kept throughout their generations.

      • Morgan says, “Oil is uniformly the symbol of the Holy Spirit of God. Here, then, is the true value and meaning of this sacred oil. The elect light-bearers of the world are only able to fulfill their function by the Holy Spirit.”

      • NLT Illustrated Study Bible notes, “The first thing said about the function of the priests, Aaron and his sons, is that they were to keep the lamps burning continually through the night. As the lamps burned in the Lord’s presence, they would indicate the continuity of His presence.”