Chapter 6

    • The Lord told Moses, “Now you’ll see what I do to Pharaoh. I will deal with him strongly, and when I’m done he’ll drive the Israelites out himself.”

  1. God Promises Freedom

    • God said to Moses, “I am Yahweh. I appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as El Shaddai (God Almighty), but I didn’t reveal the name Yahweh to them. I established My covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan. I haven’t forgotten my covenant with them, and I have heard the cries of the Israelites, who are now slaves to the Egyptians. Tell the Israelites: ‘I am Yahweh, and I will deliver you from your oppression and rescue you from slavery by My power and great acts of judgement. You will be My people and I will be your God. You will know that I am the One who delivered you from the Egyptians. I will bring you into the land that I promised to your forefathers and give it to you. I am the Lord.”

-What does God mean when He says He didn’t reveal the name Yahweh to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob? The name Yahweh was used in Genesis.

        • NLT Illustrated Study Bible explains, “The name Yahweh in fact appears frequently in Genesis (translated “the Lord”). Two solutions are possible: (1) The name Yahweh was not know to the patriarchs, but Moses, the author of Genesis, was inspired to insert that name in those places in Genesis where God’s grace and His nature as covenant keeper were apparent. (2) While the patriarchs might have known the name Yahweh, it is possible that they had never seen God’s nature displayed as it was in the Exodus and the Sinai Covenant. In Hebrew, a person’s name has a broader significance than it does in English. People’s names were meant to reflect their character and nature, not just serve as a label. Here “reveal” is a Hebrew word often translated “to know”, which implies intimate knowledge and experience. In this case, the patriarchs knew God’s name, but they did not know and experience His nature fully as He revealed Himself in the Exodus.”

      • Guzik puts it this way, “The patriarchs were privileged to know the God who made the covenant, but for them the covenant was barely fulfilled. The patriarchs knew God as the Maker of the covenant. Moses and the generation of the Exodus would know God as the One who fulfilled the covenant.”

    • Moses told the Israelites what God said, but they didn’t listen because they had become so discouraged by how brutal their situation had become.

      • “After Moses spoke what God told him the children of Israel were still stuck in miserable unbelief. They probably would have said that they did not doubt God, but they doubted the messenger – Moses…This is why Israel doubted both God and His messenger. Their centuries of slavery made them think like slaves instead of people of the covenant. Pharaoh was bigger in their eyes than God was…Ezekiel 20:5-9 shows why God was so small and Pharaoh was so big in Israel’s heart during this time. Ezekiel explained that they trusted the gods of their oppressors, worshipping the gods of the Egyptians. This is why they didn’t trust God, and His messenger Moses. The reason why God did not judge Israel at the time was because He didn’t want His name profaned among the Gentiles.”(Guzik)

    • Then the Lord told Moses, “Go again and tell Pharaoh to let the Israelites go.”

    • But Moses said, “If the Israelites won’t even listen to me, how can I expect Pharaoh to listen? I’m not a worthy speaker.”

      • “Moses wanted to quit after the first setback. God had much to do in his heart before Moses would be ready to deal with all the discouragement ahead as he led Israel to the Promised Land.God was building endurance in Moses, the ability to stick with God’s plan and will even when it didn’t seem to work. This is faith; this is patient endurance in the Lord.” (Guzik)

    • Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron giving them orders regarding the Israelites and Pharaoh, and commanded them to lead the people out of Egypt.

      • “Moses had to understand that this was God’s will, not merely a few suggestions for Israel and Pharaoh. This was His divine command that would be accomplished, one way or another.” (Guzik)

2. Genealogies of Moses and Aaron

– These are the ancestors of some of the clans of Israel.

Illustration above from Shepherd of the Hills Church

    • Levi lived to be 137 years old.

      • “In the tribe of Levi, there were three main families – Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. Each of these families would be given specific duties in the service of the Lord and His tabernacle.” (Guzik)

    • Kohath lived to be 133 years old.

    • Amram (Moses and Aaron’s father) married his aunt, Jochebed. He lived to be 137 years old.

    • Aaron married Elisheba. Her father’s name was Amminadab, and her brother’s name was Nahshon.

      • Guzik notes the particular importance of Aaron’s descendants with regards to the priesthood, “This portion is important because the priesthood that will eventually come from the family of Aaron will be passed down to his descendants. Therefore it was important to know exactly who his descendants were.”

      • The sons of Korah (Moses’ and Aaron’s cousins) are given a more detailed listing probably due to a rebellion that occurs in the book of Numbers. The NLT Illustrated Study Bible notes, “The fact that Aaron and Korah were cousins makes it easier to see why Aaron’s elevation to high priesthood was so galling to Korah (Numbers 16:1-3); family rivalry is nothing new. The later rebellion might explain why Korah and his sons are given particular mention in this genealogy.”

    • Eleazar (Aaron’s son) married one of Putiel’s daughers.

    • This is the genealogy of the Moses and Aaron whom the Lord told to speak to Pharaoh to bring the Israelites out of Egypt.