2 Chronicles 27

2 CHRONICLES CHAPTER 27

Judah’s King Jotham (27:1-9)

      • ESV Study Bible writes, “The account of Jotham’s reign (750-735 BC, including 10 years as co-regent with Uzziah) is expanded from 2 Kings 15:33-38 to show that his military success and power were due to his faithfulness to God (2 Chron 27:6). Jotham is presented in a wholly positive way, in contrast to his father Uzziah (v. 2b) and his son Ahaz (ch 28), of whom the Chronicler has nothing good to say.”

    • Jotham was 25 years old when he became king and he ruled in Jerusalem for 16 years. His mother’s name was Jerusha, and she was Zadok’s daughter. He did what was right in Yahweh’s eyes, just as his father had done. Unlike his father, however, he did not enter Yahweh’s house. But the people still followed corrupt practices.

      • NLT Illustrated Study Bible explains, “After a co-regency with his father, Uzziah (750-740 BC), Jotham became king in his own right and reigned five more years (740-735 BC). This represents the sixteen years mentioned in the text. Jotham lived at least four more years, for we read that Hoshea came to power in the northern kingdom ‘in the twentieth year of Jotham son of Uzziah’ (2 Kgs 15:30). But Jotham’s son, Ahaz, had already begun a co-regency with Jotham. After Jotham’s sixteen official years, Ahaz began to rule in his father’s stead…However, Ahaz presumably had his official accession ceremony following his father’s death in 732 BC, so the author of 2 Chronicles reckons Ahaz’s official regnal years starting in 731 BC (see 2 Chr 28:1).”

      • Guzik adds, “The word still is important, because it tells us that this corruption did not begin with the reign of Jotham, but continued from the days of his predecessor, Uzziah. Though he had a bad end, the personal character of Uzziah was generally godly. Yet it seems that he was, in general, more godly than the common people.”

      • ESV Archaeology Study Bible says, “The name of Jotham (r. 750-732 BC) appears on an eighth-century BC seal impression from a private collection and was also found on a seal discovered at Tell el-Kheleifeh (ancient Ezion-geber/Elath). The seal depicts a horned ram, above which is the following inscription, ‘Belonging to Jotham.’”

    • He built the Upper Gate of Yahweh’s house, and did extensive work on the wall in the area known as Ophel. He built cities in the hill country of Judah, and fortresses and towers in the wooded areas.

      • ESV Study Bible points out that verses 3b-6 are “the Chronicler’s addition.” And that Ophel is, “The higher part of the area in between the Temple Mount and the city of David (33:14; Neh 3:16)…”

    • He went to war against the king of the Ammonites and conquered them. That year the Ammonites paid him 7,500 pounds of silver, 50,000 bushels of wheat, and 50,000 bushels of barley. They paid this same amount of annual tribute for the following 2 years.

      • NLT Illustrated Study Bible writes, “Uzziah had received tribute from the Ammonites (26:8), and Jotham continued to dominate their territory east of the Jordan. The end of these payments after three years may have been because of Jotham’s preoccupation with fighting Israel and Aram (2 Kgs 15:37).”

    • Jotham became powerful because he didn’t waver in obeying Yahweh his God. The rest of the events of Jotham’s reign, including his military campaigns and other activities, are recorded in the “Book of the Kings of Israel and Judah.” He was 25 years old when he became king, and he ruled for 16 years in Jerusalem. Jotham rested with his ancestors and was buried in the City of David. His son Ahaz succeeded him as king.

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