Chapter 29

NUMBERS CHAPTER 29

Offerings for the Festival of Trumpets

    • You are to celebrate the Festival of Trumpets on the first day of the seventh month. On this day, you must call a sacred assembly and you are not to do any ordinary work that you would do on a regular day and you will sound the trumpets in jubilation. You are to present a burnt offering as a pleasing smell to the Lord consisting of the following unblemished animals: one young bull accompanied by a grain offering of six quarts of fine flour mixed with oil and the appropriate drink offering; one ram accompanied by a grain offering of four quarts of fine flour mixed with oil and the appropriate drink offering; and seven, one-year old male lambs accompanied by a grain offering of two quarts of fine flour mixed with olive oil and the appropriate drink offering per lamb. You must also offer one male goat as a sin offering to make atonement for yourselves. These are to be offered in addition to your regular monthly and daily burnt, grain, and drink offerings.

      • This day in the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred in September or October.” (NLT Illustrated Study Bible)

      • HCSB notes, “The seventh month was the commencement of the annual ritual calendar. It began with the holy assembly on the day of jubilation, also referred to as the ‘day of trumpet blasts’ and later as ‘New Year’s Day’ (rosh hashanah lit. ‘head of the year’). Since this day also commemorates the new moon, the normal sacrifices of the day are doubled and offered in addition to the two daily burnt offerings.”

Offerings for the Day of Atonement

    • On the tenth day of the seventh month, you are to call another sacred assembly, practice self-denial, and not do any ordinary work that you would do on a regular day. You must present a burnt offering as a pleasing smell to the Lord consisting of the following unblemished animals: one young bull accompanied by a grain offering of six quarts of fine flour mixed with olive oil and the appropriate drink offering; one ram accompanied by a grain offering of four quarts of fine flour mixed with olive oil and the appropriate drink offering; and seven, one-year old male lambs accompanied by a grain offering of two quarts of fine flour mixed with olive oil and the appropriate drink offering per lamb. You must also offer one male goat as a sin offering . These offerings are in addition to the sin offering for atonement and the regular daily burnt, grain, and drink offerings.

      • What does it mean to practice self-denial? The HCSB explains, “Traditionally, this involved fasting, abstinence from sex, and refraining from personal grooming.”

      • HCSB adds, “These instructions call for a day of ‘sacred assembly,’ ‘self-denial,’ and Sabbath work restriction. The directives correspond to the Day of Atonement prescribed in Leviticus 16:1-34, though the day is not named here and the instructions of Leviticus do not mention the assembly…Verse 11 highlights two sin offerings. One parallels the sin offering at the new moon festival; the other is sacrificed on behalf of the people, and its blood is then used to purify the holy place (Leviticus 16:15-20).”

Offerings for the Festival of Booths

    • On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, you are to hold another sacred assembly and no one is to do any ordinary work that they would do on a regular day. This will be the beginning of a seven day festival to the Lord. Each day of the festival you are to present the following burnt offerings as a pleasing smell to the Lord and all animals must be unblemished:”

      • On the first day: 13 young bulls accompanied by a grain offering of six quarts of fine flour mixed with olive oil and the appropriate drink offering per bull; two rams accompanied by a grain offering of four quarts of fine flour mixed with olive oil and the appropriate drink offering; and 14, one-year old male lambs accompanied by a grain offering of two quarts of fine flour mixed with olive oil and the appropriate drink offering per lamb. One male goat must also be offered as a sin offering. These are in addition to the regular burnt, grain, and drink offerings.”

      • On the second day, the number of bulls offered will decrease to 12, but each of the other animal sacrifices will remain the same- each accompanied by the appropriate grain and drink offering according to their number. A male goat must also be offered as a sin offering. These are in addition to the regular burnt, grain, and drink offerings.”

      • On the third day, the number of bulls offered will decrease to 11, but each of the other animal sacrifices will remain the same- each accompanied by the appropriate grain and drink offering according to their number. A male goat must be offered as a sin offering. These are in addition to the regular burnt, grain, and drink offerings.”

      • On the fourth day, the number of bulls offered will decrease to 10, but each of the other animal sacrifices will remain the same- each accompanied by the appropriate grain and drink offering according to their number. A male goat must be offered as a sin offering. These are in addition to the regular burnt, grain, and drink offerings.”

      • On the fifth day, the number of bulls offered will decrease to 9, but each of the other animal sacrifices will remain the same- each accompanied by the appropriate grain and drink offering according to their number. A male goat must be offered as a sin offering. These are in addition to the regular burnt, grain, and drink offerings.”

      • On the sixth day, the number of bulls offered will decrease to 8, but each of the other animal sacrifices will remain the same- each accompanied by the appropriate grain and drink offering according to their number. A male goat must be offered as a sin offering. These are in addition to the regular burnt, grain, and drink offerings.”

      • On the seventh day, the number of bulls offered will decrease to 7, but each of the other animal sacrifices will remain the same- each accompanied by the appropriate grain and drink offering according to their number. A male goat must be offered as a sin offering. These are in addition to the regular burnt, grain, and drink offerings.”

      • On the eighth day, you are to hold another sacred assembly and no one is to do any regular work that they would do on an ordinary day. You are to present a burnt offering that is a pleasing smell to the Lord consisting of the following unblemished animals: one bull, one ram, and seven, one-year old male lambs- each accompanied by their appropriate grain and drink offering according to their number. A male goat must also be presented as a sin offering. These are in addition to the regular burnt, grain, and drink offerings.”

    • These offerings must be presented to the Lord at their appointed times and in addition to any of your vow, freewill, burnt, grain, drink, or peace offerings.” Moses gave all these instructions to the Israelites just as the Lord had told him to do.

      • NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible adds, “This was the Festival of Tabernacles (Sukkot). The sukkah was a hut or tent constructed during the wilderness period to protect from the elements of the desert…When the Israelites settled the promised land, they were to imitate their ancestors by building a sukkah adjacent to their home and live in it during the seven days of the festival (Leviticus 23:39-43) to remind them of God’s protection and provision during the 40-year sojourn…There are more animals sacrificed during this festival than during any other festival: 71 bulls, 15 rams, 105 lambs, and 8 goats, with accompanying food and drink offerings.”

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