Chapter 7

  1. Entering the Ark

    • The Lord told Noah and his family to enter the ark because he was the only righteous person in his entire generation.

    • God told Noah to take 7 pairs (male and female) of all the clean animals, one pair of all the unclean animals, and 7 pairs of all the birds so that their kinds would be able to continue after the flood.

    • God told Noah that in 7 days , He would make it rain for 40 days and 40 nights, wiping every living thing off the earth. Noah obeyed everything the Lord told him to do.

    • Noah was 600 years old when the flood came.

    • Noah, his wife, his 3 sons and their wives entered the ark. All the animals came to Noah and boarded the ark.

– Everyone was on the ark for 7 days before the rain began to fall.

    • 7 days later, the flood came just as God had said it would.

2. The Deluge

    • All the sources of the watery depths burst open and the floodgates of the sky were opened. Rain fell for 40 days and 40 nights.

      • “This is when the great waters which were above the firmament (Genesis 1:7) broke up. These waters formed the huge “blanket” of water in the upper part of the earth’s atmosphere since creation. Waters came up from under the earth also, no doubt accompanied by great geological catastrophe.” (Guzik)

      • “The number 40 becomes associated with testing and purification, especially before coming into something new and significant. This is seen in Moses’ time on Mount Sinai (Exodus 24:18, Deuteronomy 9:25), the spies’ trip to Canaan (Numbers 13:25), Israel’s time in the wilderness (Numbers 14:33, 32:13), Elijah’s miraculous journey to Sinai (1 Kings 19:8), and Jesus’ temptation in the wilderness (Mark 1:13).” (Guzik)

      • Some young earth creationists believe this was the first time Noah and all those living at that time had ever even seen rain. Earlier, in Genesis 2:6, it is recorded that water “came up out of the ground” to water the earth. (We discussed the reasoning for this view in the notes for Chapter 2.) It does stand to reason that if the “waters above the firmament” were a thick atmospheric barrier that prevented much of the harmful admissions prior to the flood, it would have been a major contributing factor in the longer life spans of that generation. After the flood, the decreased barrier would have no longer had the same protective effects. Indeed, after the flood, life spans began to dramatically decrease. However, the Bible doesn’t specifically say whether or not this was the first time it had rained.

    • On the same day that Noah, his wife, his sons and their wives, and the animals according to their kinds, boarded the ark- the Lord shut them in.

      • “The entry of Noah, his family, and the animals into the ark is repeated here. The repetition is part of the literary buildup to the concluding remark, ‘Then the Lord shut him in.’” (HCSB commentary)

– So how many animals are we talking exactly and would the ark have been capable of housing them all? Thompson and Harrub, writing for Apologetics Press quote some individuals who have actually crunched the numbers, “To answer such an argument, one would merely have to turn to Principles of Systematic Zoology by world-renowned evolutionary taxonomist Ernst Mayr, and examine the table he provides that lists the total number of animals per species (1980). Of those that would have needed protection onboard the ark, we find:

Mammals—3,700

Birds—8,600

Reptiles—6,300

Amphibians—2,500

Total—21,100 different species

We can immediately multiply that number by two (two of every unclean animal)— 42,200. After adding the clean animals (which were much fewer in number), this would yield approximately 50,000 vertebrate animals on board the ark. Recognizing that the majority of these animals would have been small (e.g., birds, reptiles, etc.), we can safely estimate the average size for each animal at roughly the size of an adult sheep. Morris and LaHaye have suggested that since one railroad boxcar is capable of holding 240 “sheep-sized” animals, all of the animals that Noah would have had to accommodate (using known species, not kinds) would have taken up only 36 percent of the ark’s capacity. They concluded: “In other words, assuming a minimal size for the ark and a maximum number of animals, we find that the ark was not too small for the task, as many have claimed” (1976, p. 247, emp. added). John Woodmorappe took his analysis one step farther. Using the floor-space recommendations for the housing of laboratory animals, he documented that the cumulative area of the ark’s three decks was more than adequate to provide all the necessary floor space required to accommodate the ark’s inhabitants (1996, pp. 15-16).”

– The deluge continued for 40 days. The waters rose until all the mountains were submerged by more than 20 feet. Everything on the earth died with the exception of Noah and those with him on the ark. The water surged for 150 days.

      • Today, many scientists deny the plausibility of a worldwide flood, claiming that there isn’t geologic evidence for such an event. But is this really the case, or might their be some ulterior motives at play?

        • First it is imperative to understand that literally ALL of scientific theory REQUIRES billions of years to make it feasible at all. This is why there is such disdain for young earth creationists or any evidence that would seem to point in a young earth direction. Evidence that points in that general vicinity is disregarded immediately. Think about it, if secular science can’t assume a foundation of billions of years- the only explanation for the existence of life outside of a Creator (evolution) collapses. Secular science is not willing to even entertain the idea of a Creator. So, the next time you read a secular scientific article that is ridiculing a piece of young earth creation evidence and you are tempted to believe that secular science has no basis for anything other than purely unbiased analysis of evidence- think again. Any concession of evidence for a young earth would be nothing short of devastating for an atheistic world view (which most secular scientists have) and simply will not be considered.

    • So, is there geologic evidence of a flood? Quite a lot actually. Entire books have been written on the subject. We’ll discuss a few points here:

    • 1. Evidence for initially rapid continental drift instigated by the onset of the flood.

– We’re all familiar with the idea of a once unified land mass called Pangea that science says slowly drifted apart over the ages (based on the rates of drift we witness today) to arrive at the current positioning of continents today. But did you know that in 1999 a group of researchers using “high precision geochronological analysis” tied the beginning of the split of Pangea to one massive cataclysmic volcanic eruption? Kyle Butt, writes for Apologetics Press, “In the Genesis account of the Flood, “all the fountains of the great deep were broken up” (7:11). This statement has long been recognized as evidence of heavy volcanic and magmatic activity during the Flood. Such volcanic activity on the ocean floor would also speak to the idea of an accelerated rate of sea-floor spreading. The force and magnitude of the Global Flood, coupled with the ensuing volcanic and geologically cataclysmic activity, would certainly supply adequate causes for accelerated rates of continental drift.” If you’d like to read more on this topic check out Butt’s article, Pangea and the Flood.

2. Vast numbers of polystrate fossils.

          • Polystrate fossils are fossils of trees or plants that are standing erect, oblique, or upside down through numerous layers of water laid stone. (Each layer of stone is supposed to represent millions of years, so polystrate fossils really throw a kink in old earth theories. However they pose no difficulty for young earth creationists who believe many layers were formed in a short period of time during the flood.)

3. Geologic evidence suggests that most mountains show signs of being submerged under water at some point. For example, the finding of sedimentary deposits and marine fossils at or near their summits.

4. Vast quantities of fossils worldwide.

          • The very process in which fossils are formed lends itself to a major catastrophic event of epic proportions. (Not that ALL fossils that exist are products of the flood, of course, but the fact that there are so many in the first place.) Fossils require rapid burial and compaction in order to be formed at all. Just think of what happens today when an animal dies. Unless it is rapidly buried, scavengers will take care of it. Especially under water. The vast majority of fossils are marine fossils, so this would mean major upheaval of the ocean floor to cover and compress the bodies rapidly before nature could take its course.

5. Sedimentary fossil “graveyards” among rocks of varying “ages”.

          • Bert Thompson writes for Apologetics Press, “Sedimentary fossil “graveyards” have been found worldwide in rocks of all “ages.” Various rock types (granite, shale, limestone, etc.) are found in all parts of the geologic column, and there exists a general disorder in the fossil record, which would be expected if a global Flood occurred.”

6. Worldwide flood legends are common to almost every ancient civilization.

                 – This point isn’t exactly geological evidence, but interesting none the less. Evolutionary biologist Robert Schoch writes, “Narratives of a massive inundation are found all over the world… Stories of a great deluge are found on every inhabited continent and among a great many different language and culture groups.” James Perloff writes, “In 95% of the more than two hundred flood legends, the flood was worldwide; in 88%, a certain family was favored; in 70%, survival was by means of a boat; in 67%, animals were also saved; in 66%, the flood was due to the wickedness of man; in 66%, the survivors had been forewarned; in 57%, they ended up on a mountain; in 35%, birds were sent out from the boat; and in 9%, exactly eight people were spared.” If you’d like to read more about this topic, check out Legends of the Flood, by Eric Lyons and Kyle Butt.

  • Of course, Jesus Himself testifies that the great flood was indeed literal and not allegorical in Luke 17:26-30.

  • We would all do well to recognize, however, that while plenty of evidence of the flood does exist, not all elements of the flood will be able to be explained scientifically simply because throughout the Bible supernatural events DO happen and this catastrophic flood of judgement undoubtedly has supernatural elements. “After all, miracles are ‘scientifically’ impossible. Scientists know that virgins don’t give birth, men don’t walk on water, and bodies don’t rise from the dead. One may gain scientific credibility among the secularists by twisting Scripture to fit science, but it would be better to honor God by believing His word.” (John Morris)