Chapter 5

  • On the day that God created man, He created them male and female and in the likeness of God. He blessed them and called them man.

  • Adam was 130 years old when he fathered Seth. He lived 800 years after Seth was born and fathered many sons and daughters.

      • This verse makes clear that Adam fathered many sons and daughters that aren’t mentioned in this genealogy.

  • This is the genealogy of the line of Adam.

      • One of the obvious details that stands out regarding this genealogy are the extremely long life spans. Some may try to rationalize this fact away by claiming that the ages are figurative and that the years could actually represent different amounts of time (months for example). These approaches create a host of problems of their own, so I personally take the ages literally. As Guzik points out in his commentary, “It is more likely that people did live much, much longer in the era before the flood. This is because the degenerative effects of the fall on the human gene pool had not yet accumulated greatly, and because the environment in the pre-flood world was so different, with the blanket of water vapors surrounding the earth (Genesis 1:6-8). In the post-flood world, life spans quickly came down to the life spans we are familiar with today.”

    • Another interesting note that Guzik makes regarding population, “One writer has estimated that if Adam, during his lifetime, saw only half the children he could have fathered grow up, and if only half of those got married, and if only half of those who got married had children, then even at these conservative rates, Adam would have seen more than a million of his own descendants… Using these calculations, we can say that by the time of the flood, there could have been seven billion people on the earth.”

    • Yet another obvious stand out is the revelation in Genesis 5:24 that Jared’s son Enoch’s life only lasted 365 years, but it didn’t end in death- God “took” him. This only happened to two people in all of Biblical history (Elijah is the other). We are told that Enoch “walked with God” meaning he walked in faith. Hebrews 11:5 gives a little more information, “By faith Enoch was taken away so that he did not see death, ‘and was not found, because God had taken him’; for before he was taken he had this testimony, that he pleased God.” Jude 14 also tells us that Enoch was a prophet who prophesied about Jesus’ second coming and the judgement He would bring.

    • When Noah was 500 years old he fathered Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

    • “This is the greatest glory of the primitive world, that it had so many good, wise, and holy men at the same time. We must not think that these are ordinary names of plain people; but next to Christ and John the Baptist, they were the most outstanding heroes this world has ever produced. And on the Last Day we shall behold and admire their grandeur.” (Luther, cited in Boice)