Chapter 2

    • Genesis Chapter 2

        • The heavens, the earth, and everything in them were completed by the seventh day.

        • God rested from the work He had done.

      – The Hebrew for “rested” in this verse is shabbat and doesn’t imply fatigue, but means “ceased” because it is connected to the completion of God’s work of creation.

      – David Guzik points out in his commentary, “God did not need rest on the seventh day because He was tired. He rested to show His creating work was done, to give a pattern to man regarding the structure of time (in seven-day weeks), and to give an example of the blessing of rest to man on the seventh day. The seven-day week is permanently ingrained in man…We are on a seven-day cycle because God is on a seven-day cycle.”

        • God blessed the seventh day and made it holy.

          • David Guzik’s commentary elaborates on the concept of the Sabbath rest, “God sanctified the seventh day because it was a gift to man for rest and replenishment, and most of all because the Sabbath is a shadow of the rest available through the person and work of Jesus Christ.”

      -I must take a pause here for individuals such as myself who come from legalistic religious backgrounds. It is imperative that we realize that the Sabbath is indeed a shadow of what was made available to us through Jesus Christ, just as Old Testament law was a shadow of the New Covenant that Christians are now subject to. Christians today are under NO obligation to keep the Sabbath. ** Before anyone freaks out, I am NOT saying “Don’t go to church!!” There are numerous reasons why it is good for an individual to go to church: fellowship, instruction, encouragement, being a part of a faith family, strengthening your faith, corporate worship, etc.** Some denominations take Sabbath keeping a step further and proclaim that it is a required part of the law and some even insist it be kept on a certain day (Saturday for example). However, Colossians 2: 16-17 and Galatians 4:9-11, make clear that Jesus fulfilled the purpose and plan of the Sabbath for us and in us (Hebrews 4:9-11). So, have Christians lost the Sabbath? No. Guzik explains it well when he says, “Yet Christians do not lose the Sabbath; every day is a day of rest in the finished work of Jesus Christ. Every day is specially set apart to God. The description of each other day of creation ended with the phrase, ‘so the evening and the morning were the…day.’ However, this seventh day of creation does not have that phrase. This is because God’s rest for us isn’t confined to one literal day. In Jesus, God has an eternal Sabbath rest for His people (Hebrews 4:9-11). ”

      -If you do not come from a legalistic background and wonder why in the world it matters, I will explain briefly. Most denominations who demand Old Testament law keeping, including the Sabbath, Jewish festivals, etc use these observances as an identifier of those individuals who are in “God’s one true church”- meaning that if you don’t, you aren’t a member of the “true church”. This is problematic for a couple of reasons. First and foremost, it puts an emphasis on “works” based salvation rather than “grace” and “faith” based which is more than clearly denounced in the New Testament. (similar to the Pharisees) Second, by judging other Christians according to those standards (which Romans 14:1-8 specifically charges us NOT to do) denominations effectively place themselves in the position of a “gatekeeper”, so to speak, setting extra standards for an individual’s inclusion into God’s church. Frankly, that judgement is above anyone’s “pay grade”. By the same token, we who realize that we are free from the law are not to judge our brothers and sisters who do choose to keep the Sabbath, Jewish festivals, or dietary laws.

Man and Woman in the Garden

    • These are the records of God’s creation of the earth and the heavens. When this history begins, no vegetation had grown yet because God had not made it rain and there was no man to work the ground. At this time, water would come up out of the ground and water the land.

– Note here the use of the phrase “these are the records”. This heading occurs 11 times in Genesis to introduce genealogies and historical narratives (examples: Genesis 5:1, 6:9, 10:1, 11:27) This fact significantly hinders those who ascribe to any reading of the creation account other than a literal one.

    • Then God formed man from the dust of the ground. He breathed the breath of life into him and man became a living being.

      • Guzik makes a couple of interesting notes here. First, “The word for breath in Hebrew is ruach – the word imitates the very sound of breath – is the same word for Spirit, as is the case in both ancient Greek (pneuma) and Latin (spiritus). God created man by putting His breath, His Spirit, within him.” Second, “The King James Version reads: man became a living soul. This makes some wonder if man is a soul, or if man has a soul. This passage seems to indicate that man is a soul, while passages like 1 Thessalonians 5:23 and Hebrews 4:12 seem to indicate that man has a soul. It seems that the Scripture speaks in both ways, and uses the term in different ways and in different contexts.”

– Also of note, these passages leave no room for ANY evolution argument.

    • The Lord planted a garden in the east, called Eden, where He caused trees good for food to grow, and He placed man there. The tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil were also in the garden.

– Guzik posits here that, “The rest of Genesis chapter 2 does not present a different or contradictory account of creation. Rather, it is probably the history of creation from Adam’s perspective. This is Adam’s experience of creation, which does not contradict the account of Genesis 1:1-2:7 – it fills it out. In Matthew 19:4-5, Jesus referred to events in Genesis 1 and to events in Genesis 2 as one harmonious account.”

    • A river ran out from Eden and it divided into the source of 4 rivers: the Pishon, the Gihon, the Tigris, and the Euphrates.

      • Ever wonder where the garden of Eden was? If so, you may want to check out this article, Where Was the Garden of Eden?, where Charles Scott Kimball discusses the most popular candidates.

– It’s fun to speculate, but we’re not really capable of discovering where the location of the Garden of Eden really was due to fact that Guzik points out here, “These rivers are given specific names which answer to names of rivers known in either their modern or ancient world. However, the names of these rivers can’t be used to determine the place of the Garden of Eden because the flood dramatically changed the earth’s landscape and “erased” these rivers.”

    • The Lord put man in the garden to work it and watch over it.

– “The ideal state of sinless man is not one of indolence without responsibility. Work and duty belong to the perfect state.” (Leupold)

    • He also told man that he was free to eat from any tree in the garden except for the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The Lord told him that on the day he ate from that tree he would die.

      • I like what Guzik adds here regarding Adam’s free will, “The presence of this tree – the presence of a choice for Adam – was good because for Adam to be a creature of free will, there had to be a choice, some opportunity to rebel against God. If there is never a command or never something forbidden there can then never be choice. God wants our love and obedience to Him to be the love and obedience of choice. Considering all that, look at Adam’s advantages. He only had one way he could sin and we have countless ways. There are many trees of temptation in our lives, but Adam had only one.”

    • The Lord then said that it wasn’t good for man to be alone, so He would make Adam a helper who is like him.

    • So God formed from the ground each wild animal and bird and brought them to Adam for him to name them.

      • Again- NO room for any theories of evolution.

– Ever think there is no way Adam could have named all the animals in one day? Check out this perspective in Naming the Animals: All in a Days Work for Adam.

    • No helper who was like man was found among the animals, so the Lord caused him to fall into a deep sleep.

    • God took one of Adam’s ribs, closed the flesh there (the very first recorded surgery), made a woman, and brought her to Adam.

– Guzik notes an important foreshadowing here, “We also know the Bride of Christ comes from the wound made in the side of the second Adam, Jesus Christ.”

– There is a beautiful Jewish tradition saying God made woman, not out of man’s foot to be under him, nor out of his head to be over him, but “She was taken from under his arm that he might protect her and from next to his heart that he might love her.” (Barnhouse)

    • Adam then says that this one at last is bone of his bone and flesh of his flesh. He names her woman, because she was made from man.

– On the equality of men and women: “If men and women are different, are they equal?” Elisabeth Elliot, quoted in Boice: “In what sense is red equal to blue? They are equal only in the sense that both are colors in the spectrum. Apart from that they are different. In what sense is hot equal to cold? They are both temperatures, but beyond this it is almost meaningless to talk about equality.”

      • Guzik highlights the significance of this event by noting the New Testament reference to this event, “Adam understood the essential oneness in his relationship with Eve. This point is so important that it is referred to several times in the New Testament, including the great marriage passage in Ephesians 5:28-29: so husbands ought to love their own wives as their own bodies; he who loves his wife loves himself. For no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes and cherishes it.

    • Genesis 2:24– This is why a man leaves his father and mother and bonds with his wife, and they become one flesh.

      • Such an important verse! Guzik comments, “This passage forms the foundation for the Bible’s understanding of marriage and family. Both Jesus (Matthew 19: 5) and Paul (Ephesians 5:31) quoted it in reference to marriage.”

      • “The institution of monogamous marriage, home, and family as the basic medium for the propagation of the race and the training of the young is so common to human history that people seldom pause to reflect on how or why such a custom came into being.” (Morris)

      • Guzik puts it in terms of early Bible societies as well as today’s terms for today’s society, “…This is God’s ideal family. This isn’t polygamy. This isn’t concubinage. This isn’t the keeping of mistresses. This isn’t adultery. This isn’t homosexual co-habitation. This isn’t promiscuity. This isn’t living together outside the marriage bond. This isn’t serial marriage. This is God’s ideal for the family, and even when we don’t live up to it, it is still important to set it forth as God’s ideal.”

    • Both man and woman were naked, but they felt no shame.

      • I like Guzik’s insight on this passage as well, “The idea of ‘nakedness’ is far more than mere nudity. It has the sense of being totally open and exposed as a person before God and man. To be naked…and not ashamed means you have no sin, nothing to be rightly ashamed of, nothing to hide.

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