Exodus Chapter 35

The Sabbath Command

    • Moses gathered all the Israelites together and told them, “These are the instructions the Lord has given us to follow: You will work for 6 days, but the 7th day is a holy day, a Sabbath day for complete rest. Anybody who works on this day will be executed. Don’t even light fires in your houses on the Sabbath day.”

      • Guzik writes, “The Hebrew language has two words for work: avodah and melachah. Avodah is a general term meaning work, while melachah is a word more related to business and things specifically forbidden on the Sabbath. One might say that here, God allowed some work (avodah) to be done on the Sabbath, but did not allow certain things on the Sabbath, especially business-related things (melachah).”

      • Adam Clarke explains the Jewish interpretation of God’s command to the Israelites not to light fires on the Sabbath, “The Jews understand this precept as forbidding the kindling of fire only for the purpose of doing work or dressing victuals; but to give them light and heat, they judge it lawful to light a fire on the Sabbath day…”

Building the Tabernacle

    • Moses continued saying, “The Lord has commanded me to take up an offering from you. Everyone who is willing should bring gold, silver, and bronze; blue, purple, and scarlet yarn; fine linen; died ram and manatee skins; acacia wood; oil, spices, and gemstones. All of you who are gifted craftsmen, come and make everything the Lord has commanded for the tabernacle, the accessories that go with the tabernacle, and the priestly garments exactly how He described that they should be made.”

      • “Now it was time to do what God originally commanded Moses in Exodus 25-31 regarding the building of the tabernacle and its associated items.” (Guzik)

    • All of the Israelites left Moses and everyone- men and women- whose heart and spirit was moved, brought an offering of what they had.

      • Guzik writes, “The people gave what they could. Not all could give gold or precious gems, but they could give some goat’s hair. Certainly, a gift of goat’s hair could be just as welcome in God’s sight as a gift of gold, if it was given with the right heart.”

Bezalel and Oholiab

    • Then Moses told the Israelites, “The Lord has appointed Bezalel, Uri’s son and Hur’s grandson from the tribe of Judah, and He has filled him with God’s Spirit, wisdom, understanding, and ability in all kinds of crafts working with gold, silver, and bronze; in cutting gemstones; and in woodcarving. He along with Oholiab, Ahisamach’s son from the tribe of Dan, have been given the ability to teach others how to do these works. They now have the ability to cut gems; design, embroider, and weave thread and linen.

      • “God chose Bezaleel and Aholiab to be the general contractors for this building project. He equipped them with a special outpouring of the Holy Spirit to do the work…The leaders of the work of building the tabernacle had a unique inspiration of the Holy Spirit to do this important and practical work. Since God wanted the work done according to a certain pattern (Exodus 25:9), it made sense that He specially inspired some to do the work.” (Guzik)