Exodus Chapter 31

God’s Provision of the Skilled Workers

    • The Lord told Moses that He had specifically chosen Bezalel of the tribe of Judah (Uri was his father and Hur was his grandfather) and filled him with the Spirit of God giving him the wisdom and ability to be a master craftsman working with gold, silver, and bronze, engraving and mounting gemstones, and in wood carving. The Lord also specifically chose Oholiab of the tribe of Dan (Ahisamach was his father) to be Bezalel’s assistant. The Lord gave special skills and gifts to all the craftsmen so that they could make all the things He had described. These craftsmen were to make everything just exactly how God had described to Moses.

      • “Even as God specifically chose Moses and Aaron, He also specifically chose these craftsmen for His service…God supernaturally enabled Bezalel to do the work of building the Tabernacle. God saw this work as just as spiritual, and just as dependent on the Holy Spirit’s power, as the work Moses and Aaron did. God’s empowering isn’t to be used for our own selfish ends. Whatever you do, do it heartily, as to the Lord and not to men (Colossians 3:23).” (Guzik)

      • NLT Illustrated Study Bible notes, “This is one of the earliest references of being filled with the Spirit as an expression of divining empowerment for activities that are clearly beyond normal human abilities.”

Observing the Sabbath

    • Then the Lord told Moses to tell the Israelites, “You must observe My Sabbaths as a sign of the covenant between Me and you throughout your generations and so you’ll know that it is Me that makes you holy. Anyone who profanes the Sabbath or works on that day will be killed. Work for 6 days, but the 7th day is a Sabbath day of complete rest dedicated to Me. The Israelites must observe this Sabbath throughout their generations for all time and it is a permanent sign of My covenant with the people of Israel. In 6 days I made the heaven and the earth, but on the 7th day I stopped and rested.”

      • “This command was strategically placed – at the very end of all the commands to build the tabernacle. Though God gave Israel a work to do in building the tabernacle He did not want them to do that work on the Sabbath. The rest of God still had to be respected…Though in the New Covenant we are not bound by the Sabbath (Romans 14:5; Colossians 2:16-17), the principle is still important. Our rest in the finished work of Jesus is never to be eclipsed by our work for God. When workers for God are burnt-out, they have almost always allowed their work for God to be bigger in their minds than His work for them.” (Guzik)

      • Guzik makes a powerful statement, “The difference between what Jesus has done for us and what we do for Him is like the difference between the sun and the moon, and the sun is almost unbelievably larger than the moon. Yet if the moon is in the exactly right (or wrong) place, it is possible for the moon to eclipse the sun. Some Christians live in a constant state of total eclipse, allowing what they do for Jesus to seem more important than what Jesus did for them.”

The Two Stone Tablets

    • When God finished talking to Moses on Mount Sinai, He gave him the two tablets inscribed with the testimony by His own finger.